The Agreement on Visiting Forces between the Philippines and the United States, sometimes served as the Agreement on Visiting Forces between the Philippines and the United States, is a bilateral agreement on visiting forces between the Philippines and the United States that consists of two separate documents. The first of these documents is commonly referred to as “VFA” or “VFA-1″ and the second “VFA-2” or “counter-agreement”.  A visiting forces agreement is a version of a status-of-troop agreement that applies only to troops that are temporarily in a country. The agreements entered into force on 27 May 1999 after ratification by the Senate of the Philippines.  ,  The U.S. government considers these documents to be executive agreements that do not require the approval of the U.S. Senate.   The Philippine Alliance, born in 1951 by the Mutual Defense Treaty, was no stranger to stress tests, whether it was the renegotiation of the terms of the basic agreement in the 1970s or the closure of the United States. Military installations in the early 1990s (which, let us remember, led to the AFA in 1999, after the growing perception of the Philippine threat to China). From that perspective, Duterte`s assumption of the presidency has led to the alliance`s biggest stress test in decades, with its efforts to distance Manila from Washington and seek closer relations with China and Russia facing a few obstacles, but continuing to cause periodic crises and slowing cooperation between the U.S. and the Philippines in some areas. Launched in 1998, the VFA is the first of two agreements between Washington and Manila on the treatment of their troops when they are in the United States or the Philippines. According to the text of the diplomatic note, the six-month lifting “may be extended for another six months by the Philippines.” At the end of this period, unless further action is taken, Manila would revert to its original plan to repeal the agreement first announced on February 11, 2020.
But there is a glimmer of hope in Duterte`s announcement: According to the agreement, the official termination of the VFA will only take effect for 180 days, meaning Washington and Manila have until Aug. 9 to rescue them or negotiate a new VFA to avoid a new alliance crisis. The challenge is that Duterte is an extremely American anti-American president who could attempt to eliminate the MDT as a whole in favor of greater autonomy and a better relationship with China and Russia. But success would say a lot about the alliance`s sustainability despite the corporals of an autocratic president. On February 11, 2020, Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte officially announced at the U.S. Embassy in Manila that he would terminate the pact, the termination will take effect in 180 days, unless otherwise agreed during that period. In the past, Duterte has admired both Russian forces and the Chinese People`s Liberation Army, although the Philippines and China in the South China Sea are involved in a dispute over sovereignty over the Spratly Islands. . .