Since all fish must be marketed by a port, restricting access to the port is one of the most effective and cost-effective ways to eliminate IDT fishing. Source: Pew Charitable Trusts Data shows where the implementation of the Port State Measures Agreement is most needed Illegal, unreported and unregulated (INN) catches continue to be placed on global markets, representing up to $23.5 billion in seafood per year. To combat these illegal activities, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization by the Port […] “By preventing the arrival of fish and seafood from INT fishing at our ports, we will not only help improve competitive conditions for Canadian harvesters and Canadian companies active in the fish and seafood trade, but also send a very strong message that Canadian ports have zero tolerance for illegally caught fish. Mr. Wilkinson said. (i) under-use or implementation and implementation of conservation or management measures from a given date or from time to time, a regional fisheries management organization or agreement established by two or more states or states and a state organization for the conservation or management of a large-scale fish stock or a highly fish stock migration , or by one or more states and a state organization for the purpose of conserving or managing a stock of fish or large migratory fish stocks and, among the measures introduced by references or regulations covered by this paragraph, to designate those whose infringement is prohibited in paragraph 5.3 (a) iv) authorizes the Minister to authorize a State party to the fishing agreement to take enforcement action on a vessel Canadian Source: If illegal fishing ceases, illegal fishers will find it increasingly difficult to bring their catches to market. , given that Kenya is the 51st country to become a party to the Port State Measures Agreement (PSMA). This international treaty aims to end illegal fishing by strengthening controls on access to port services by fishing vessels. “fisheries management organization,” an organization or arrangement established by two or more states or by one or more states or a state organization for the conservation and management of fisheries resources at sea or in any maritime area; (iii) to indicate the circumstances in which a person in charge of the management or enforcement of this Act may exercise the powers conferred by this Act, in accordance with the Fisheries Resources Agreement and the measures adopted by reference and regulations adopted in point i), as well as the procedures to be followed, The roots of the agreement began in 2009 , when members of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations adopted the Port State Agreement. Since then, Canada has brought its own rules into line with the rules set out in the agreement and has been in a formal position to ratify port state measures since the end of July. The simultaneous entry into force in 2019 of amendments to the Coastal Fisheries Regulations (CFPR) and the PSMA Act allowed Canada to ratify the Port State Measures Convention to prevent, deter and eliminate illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing (PSMA).