Animal Cloning Agreement

The technology has been applied more recently to animals (since 1996 with the birth of Dolly, the sheep). Cloning techniques are also used in a number of third countries and several food safety agencies have already issued scientific opinions on this subject. Most clones that are normal at birth become as strong and healthy as all other pups. Calf and lamb clones tend to have more health problems at birth and may die more often just after birth than conventionally reared animals. Clones born with abnormalities may continue to have health problems in the first few months of life, but if the clones are young adults, it is not possible to distinguish them from other animals of the same age, even if you perform a detailed examination. Scientists from the FDA and research institutes have studied many health records, developing clones and blood for clones, which looks like what people receive when they have physical problems. These results show that clones are perfectly healthy and walk, wean, grow, mature and behave like conventionally reared animals. Based on current data and the fact that the primary DNA sequence of clones is not altered, there is no evidence that there are differences in food safety between healthy cattle and pig clones and their offspring compared to conventionally reared animals. Bowring F (2004) Therapeutic and Reproductive cloning: a criticism. social sciences and medicine; 58 (2): 401–409. This cautious and conservative approach stands in stark contrast to the Council that John Harris, an ethicist, gave at the celebration of the 20th anniversary of UNESCO`s bioethics programme, held at UNESCO headquarters in Paris in September 2013. He explained: “There is a danger – and this is the note with which I want to end – the danger posed by the precautionary principle itself, which I believe is also one of the greatest dangers to society and to humanity.

People often believe that there is a moral imperative to be extremely careful in authorizing new research, especially in the general field of genetics. And this caution also applies to UNESCO`s approach. However, it is not uncommon for this so-called precautionary principle to be used in circumstances where it is not clear in which direction, if any, caution exists. We cannot know where caution is in the direction without having a reasonable basis for determining the extent of the likely risks resulting from the continuation of certain research and innovation programs and the comparison between those with current costs of not tracking this research. … I hope that UNESCO will avoid the terrible mistake it made in Article 11 of the declaration on the human genome, without argument or proof, without saying a scintilla of support to say that human cloning is contrary to human dignity and must be prohibited. We have to think about it. We will need human cloning as one of many. …

We need to rethink our prejudices. We have to be slow to ban technology. This is not to say that we should not do it, but we should also do so with full account of the evidence and arguments, and never simply because it would be cheap, simple and popular. (Transcribed from the live webcast of the event, September 5, 2013. Available at: mms://stream.unesco.org/live/room_11_en.wmv. Last call on September 5, 2013.) Cloning of sexual reproduction of animals with somatic cell nucleus transfer (SCNT). Position paper on the cloning of animals for food production.

 
  • April 8, 2021
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