Agreements Of The Atlantic Charter

Although the Charter was not in favour of American participation in World War II, it was a courageous step by Britain and the United States. The Atlantic Charter was not a formal treaty; instead, it was a common statement of ethics and intent. According to the United Nations, its goal was “to be a message of hope for the occupied countries and it has kept the promise of a global organization based on the persistent truths of international morality.” The treaty was successful: it provided moral support to the Allied forces, while sending a powerful message to the Axis powers. In addition, the Atlantic Charter set goals for the post-war world and inspired many of the international agreements that subsequently marked the world. The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), the independence of European colonies after the war and many other key policies stem from the Atlantic Charter. The Americans insisted that the Charter recognize that the war was fought to ensure self-determination. [22] The British were forced to accept these objectives, but in a speech in September 1941 Churchill declared that the Charter should apply only to states under German occupation, much less to states that were part of the British Empire. [23] Churchill and Franklin had their own reasons for signing a charter. Both hoped that the Charter, through its declaration of solidarity with the Allies, would prevent American opinion from participating in the war. In this hope, both were disappointed: the Americans continued to reject the idea of joining the war until after the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor.

There has never been a signed version. The document was whistled by several projects, and the agreed final text was telegraphed to London and Washington, DC. Roosevelt gave Congress the contents of the Charter on August 21, 1941. [13] Later, he said, “As far as I know, there is no copy of the Atlantic Charter. I do not have one. The English do not have one. The next thing you will receive is the broadcaster`s message on Augusta and Prince of Wales.

 
  • April 8, 2021
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